Posted in AP Exam, Infographics, Vocabulary

Chinese Idioms Chengyu: Food-Related

Food-Related Chinese Idioms

Chinese idioms (chéngyǔ) infographics have been the most popular category in VividChinese.com. So here is another one filled with useful Chinese idioms: Food-Related Chinese Idioms infographic.

We have included 5 categories, 3 idioms each, for a total of 15 sayings.

It is our first time publishing an infographic with video (from Carol at Growmommy.com) together!

肉类  ròu lèi Meat Category

  • 挂羊头卖狗肉   guà yáng tóu mài gǒuròu

    Meaning: to cheat / dishonest advertising / wicked deeds carried out under the banner of virtue.

    Example: 现在网路上有很多  挂羊头卖狗肉 的广告,不可尽信!

    (Xiànzài wǎng lùshàng yǒu hěnduō guà yáng tóu mài gǒuròu de guǎnggào, bùkě jìn xìn!)

  • 肉包子打狗  – 有去无回 ròu bāozi dǎ gǒu – yǒu qù wú huí

    Meaning: what’s gone can never come back.

    Example: 你借钱给他,就像  肉包子打狗  – 有去无回。他一定不会还的。

    (Nǐ jiè qián gěi tā, jiù xiàng ròu bāozi dǎ gǒu – yǒu qù wú huí. Tā yīdìng bù huì huán de.)

  • 鸡毛蒜皮   jī máo suàn pí

    Meaning: describe unimportant things and trivial matters.

    Example: 这些都是  鸡毛蒜皮 的小事,别吵了!

    (Zhèxiē dōu shì jīmáosuànpí de xiǎoshì, bié chǎole!)

淀粉类  diànfěn lèi Starch Category

  • 僧多粥少   sēng duō zhōu shǎo

    Meaning: not enough to go around/demand exceeds supply.

    Example: 因为  僧多粥少,每个人能分到的钱不多。

    (Yīnwèi sēngduōzhōushǎo, měi gèrén néng fēn dào de qián bù duō.)

  • 不为五斗米折腰  bú wéi wǔdǒu mǐ zhéyāo

    Meaning: describe a man who refuses to lose his integrity and will not brown-nose the rich and powerful.

    Example: 现在这个社会,不为  五斗米折腰 的人越来越少了。

    (Xiànzài zhège shèhuì, bù wéi wǔdǒu mǐ zhéyāo de rén yuè lái yuè shǎole.)

  • 画饼充饥   huà bǐng chōng jī

    Meaning: to allay one’s hunger using a picture of a cookie/to feed on illusions.

    Example: 画饼充饥 不能真的解决问题,要实际行动。

    (Huàbǐngchōngjī bùnéng zhēn de jiějué wèntí, yào shíjì xíngdòng.)

植物类  zhíwù lèi Plants Category

  • 倒吃甘蔗 dào chī gānzhè

    Meaning: all things are difficult before they get easy.

    Example:「学习」就像  倒吃甘蔗,坚持下去就能享受成果。

    (“Xuéxí” jiù xiàng dào chī gānzhè, jiānchí xiàqù jiù néng xiǎngshòu chéngguǒ.)

  • 哑巴吃黄连   yǎbā chī huánglián

    Meaning: no choice but to suffer in silence.

    Example: 他在这件事上受了委屈,却不能告诉别人,真是  哑巴吃黄连,有苦说不出啊!

    (Tā zài zhè jiàn shì shàng shòule wěiqu, què bùnéng gàosù biérén, zhēnshi yǎbā chī huánglián, yǒu kǔ shuō bu chū a!)

  • 姜是老的辣   jiāng shì lǎo de là

    Meaning: ginger gets spicier as it gets older/the older, the wiser.

    Example: 姜还是老的辣!爷爷的方法果真最有效!

    (Jiāng háishì lǎo de là! Yéyé de fāngfǎ guǒzhēn zuì yǒuxiào!)

流质类  liúzhì lèi Fluid Category

  • 分一杯羹   fēn yībēi gēng

    Meaning: to share a cup of rich soup/describe ones desire to scramble for a piece of the action.

    Example: 这个案子的可以赚很多钱,大家都想  分一杯羹

    (Zhège ànzi de kěyǐ zhuàn hěnduō qián, dàjiā dōu xiǎng fēn yībēi gēng.)

  • 饮水思源   yǐn shuǐ sī yuán

    Meaning: when you drink water, think of its source/don’t forget where your happiness comes from. Be grateful for all your blessings!

    Example: 做人要  饮水思源,不可忘恩。

    (Zuòrén yào yǐnshuǐsīyuán, bùkě wàng’ēn.)

  • 望梅止渴   wàng méi zhǐ kě

    Meaning: to quench one’s thirst by thinking of plums/to console oneself with illusions.

    Example: 我买不起别墅,只好看房子广告来  望梅止渴

    (Wǒ mǎi bù qǐ biéshù, zhǐhǎo kàn fángzi guǎnggào lái wàngméizhǐkě.)

甜食类  tiánshí lèi Sweets Category

  • 同甘共苦 tóng gān gòng kǔ

    Meaning: shared delights and common hardships; to share life’s joys and sorrows / for better and for worse.

    Example: 他是可以和你  同甘共苦 的伴侣吗?

    (Tā shì kěyǐ hé nǐ tónggāngòngkǔ de bànlǚ ma?)

  • 甘之如饴   gān zhī rú yí

    Meaning: to endure hardship gladly/a glutton for punishment.

    Example: 我很喜欢打篮球,再辛苦地练习都 甘之如饴

    (Wǒ hěn xǐhuān dǎ lánqiú, zài xīnkǔ de liànxí dōu gānzhīrúyí.)

  • 口蜜腹剑   kǒu mì fù jiàn

    Meaning: a sword in the belly; hypocritical and murderous.

    Example: 他是一个  口蜜腹剑 的人,你要小心!

    (Tā shì yīgè kǒumìfùjiàn de rén, nǐ yào xiǎoxīn!)

 

Food-Related Chinese Idioms Infographic Simplified Chinese Version

Chinese Idioms Chengyu: Food-Related Simplified version

 

Video Credit to Carol from Growmommy.com 

Voice Over: Carol

 

Food-Related Chinese Idioms Infographic

Traditional Chinese Version

Chinese Idioms Chengyu: Food-Related Transitional version

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Posted in AP Exam, Infographics, Vocabulary

Chinese idioms: 多 more and 少 less

In this infographic, we introduce 10 useful Chinese idioms. 5 idioms are related to “多” (more) and 5 idioms are related to “少” (less).

5 idioms are related to “多”:

五花八门   wǔ huā bā mén

千变万化   qiān biàn wàn huà

座无虚席   zuò wú xū xí

滔滔不绝   tāo tāo bù jué

见多识广   jiàn duō shì guǎng

 

5 idioms are related to “少”

宁缺毋滥   nìng quē wú làn

空前绝后   kōng qián jué hòu

微乎其微   wēi hū qí wēi

不可多得   bù kě duō dé

百里挑一   bǎi lǐ tiāo yī

 

Simplified Chinese Version

Traditional Chinese Version

Other Chinese Idiom Infographics

We have other 4 fun infographics,

Chinese Idioms Chengyu: Food-Related

Chinese Idioms: Weather-Related

Chinese Idioms: Emotion-Related

Chinese Idioms: Related To Facial Features

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Posted in AP Exam, Infographics, Vocabulary

Chinese Idioms: Weather-Related

Chinese Idioms: Weather-Related

Chinese idioms (chéngyǔ) infographics have been the most popular category in VividChinese.com. So here is another one filled with useful Chinese idioms: Weather-Related Chinese Idioms infographic.

In this Weather-Related Chinese Idioms infographic, there are five types of weather, with three frequently-used idioms for each type, totaling 15 idioms. For each idiom, there is a Chinese character, pinyin, literally meaning, and actual meaning, along with an image as a memory aid. Teachers can use this infographic to teach and provide more practice for the students.

Chinese Idioms: Weather-Related

晴朗 qínglǎng sunny, cloudless

The three weather idioms below can be used to describe the sunny weather or good weather as cloudless. We often use those idioms for the season like spring or the weather is nice for outdoor activities.

 

万里无云 wàn lǐ wú yún

Literally: Cloudless for ten thousand kilometers.

Meaning: 万里无云 is used to describe clear, sunny skies.

Example: 今天天气很好,万里无云呢!Jīntiān tiānqì hěn hǎo, wànlǐ wú yún ne!

阳光普照   yáng guāng pǔ zhào

Literally: The sun illuminates every corner of the land.

Meaning: 阳光普照 is used to describe clear skies, with sunshine everywhere.

Example: 外面阳光普照,很适合出游。Wàimiàn yángguāng pǔzhào, hěn shìhé chūyóu.

风和日丽   fēng hé rì lì

Literally: The wind is mild and the sun is bright.

Meaning: 风和日丽 is used to describe good weather, with a breeze and warm sun.

Example: 今天真是风和日丽,我们一起去户外踏青好不好?Jīntiān zhēnshi fēng hé rì lì, wǒmen yīqǐ qù hùwài tàqīng hǎobù hǎo?

Chinese Idioms: Weather-Related sunny, cloudless infographic

热 rè hot

The idioms below are often used to describe the hot weather or was caused by hot weather.

挥汗如雨   huī hàn rú yǔ

Literally: The sweat runs down like raindrops.

Meaning: 挥汗如雨 is used to describe a person in hot weather, or in a high-temperature environment, which causes her to sweat profusely.

Example: 今天气温很高,在外头工作的工人各个挥汗如雨。Jīntiān qìwēn hěn gāo, zài wàitou gōngzuò de gōngrén gège huīhànrúyǔ.

 

绿树成荫  lǜ shù chéng yīn

Literally: The trees provide a pleasant shade.

Meaning: 绿树成荫 is used to describe summertime when the trees have luxuriant leaves that make shade.

Example: 公园里绿树成荫,许多人都在树下休息。Gōngyuán lǐ lǜ shù chéng yīn, xǔduō rén dōu zài shù xià xiūxí.

 

烈日当空 liè rì dāng kōng

Literally: The scorching sun is hanging in the sky.

Meaning: 烈日当空 is used to describe an extremely hot day, because of the scorching sun.

Example: 应当尽量避免在烈日当空时出门,以免晒伤。Yīngdāng jǐnliàng bìmiǎn zài lièrì dāng kòng shí chūmén, yǐmiǎn shài shāng.

hot idiom weather infographic

风 fēng wind

The idioms below are often used to describe “wind.” It can be strong wild or a gentle wind blows through.

狂风暴雨   kuáng fēng bào yǔ

Literally: Howling wind and torrential rain.

Meaning: 狂风暴雨 is used to describe the weather that includes violent winds and pouring rain. It can also be considered as dangerous weather.

Example: 狂风暴雨造成多处停水停电,也有一些居民因此受伤了。 Kuángfēng bàoyǔ zàochéng duō chǔ tíng shuǐ tíngdiàn, yěyǒu yīxiē jūmín yīncǐ shòushāngle.

 

微风习习  wéi fēng xí xí

Literally: A gentle breeze is blowing.

Meaning: 微风习习 is used to describe the weather that has a gentle, blowing breeze, and is comfortable to be in.

Example: 炎热的夏天,树下一阵微风习习,带来一丝清凉。 Yánrè de xiàtiān, shù xià yīzhèn wéifēng xíxí, dài lái yīsī qīngliáng.

 

寒风刺骨  hán fēng cì gǔ

Literally: The cold wind penetrates one’s bones. 

Meaning: 寒风刺骨 is used to describe very cold weather that chills to the bones.

Example: 上海十分潮湿,冬天一到,寒风刺骨。 Shànghǎi shífēn cháoshī, dōngtiān yī dào, hán fēng cìgǔ.

Wind idioms weather infographic

雨 yǔ rain

The didoms below are often used to decsribe rainy weather.

阴雨绵绵   yīn yǔ mián mián

Literally: Continuously overcast and rainy. 

Meaning: 阴雨绵绵 is used to describe a gloomy, long-term rainfall.

Example: 现在是梅雨季节,这个星期一直阴雨绵绵,家里许多东西都开始发霉了。 Xiànzài shì méiyǔ jìjié, zhège xīngqí yīzhí yīnyǔ miánmián, jiālǐ xǔduō dōngxī dū kāishǐ fāméile.

淅淅沥沥   xī xī lì lì

Literally: A continuous pattern of rain.

Meaning: 淅淅沥沥 is used to describe a constant rainfall.

Example: 外面下着小雨,雨打在绿叶上,淅淅沥沥,很是好听。 Wàimiàn xiàzhe xiǎoyǔ, yǔ dǎ zài lǜyè shàng, xīxī lìlì, hěn shì hǎotīng.

 

倾盆大雨   qīng pén dà yǔ

Literally: Downpour.

Meaning: 倾盆大雨 is used to describe a heavy rainfall, such as when it’s raining cats and dogs.

Example: 这场倾盆大雨下得太突然,来不及准备伞,全身都湿透了。 Zhè chǎng qīngpén dàyǔ xià dé tài túrán, láibují zhǔnbèi sǎn, quánshēn dōu shī tòule.

 

Rain idioms weather infographic

冷 lěng cold

大雪纷飞 dà xuě fēn fēi

Literally: Snowing heavily with snowflakes fluttering all around. 

Meaning: 大雪纷飞 is used to describe a snowy day when you can see snowflakes falling fast, and snow accumulating on the ground.

Example在这个大雪纷飞的夜晚,户外只有三三两两的行人。 Zài zhège dàxuě fēnfēi de yèwǎn, hùwài zhǐyǒu sānsānliǎngliǎng de xíngrén.

 

冰天雪地   bīng tiān xuě dì

Literally: An ice sky and snow-covered land

Meaning: 冰天雪地 is used to describe a place that is covered in ice and snow as far as the eye can see.

Example: 越来越多人喜欢到冰天雪地的旅游景点游玩。 Yuè lái yuè duō rén xǐhuān dào bīngtiānxuědì de lǚyóu jǐngdiǎn yóuwán.

 

天寒地冻 tiān hán dì dòng

Literally: The sky is cold and the ground is frozen

Meaning: 天寒地冻 is used to describe a bitterly-cold day.

Example: 天寒地冻,得做好保暖措施,避免受寒。 Tiān hán dì dòng, dé zuò hǎo bǎonuǎn cuòshī, bìmiǎn shòu hán.

Cold idioms weather infographic

Chinese Idioms: Weather-Related Simplified Chinese Version Infographic

Weather-Related Chinese Idioms Simplified Chinese Version Infographic

Chinese Idioms: Weather-Related Video

Video Credit to Carol from Growmommy.com

Voice over: Carol

Chinese Idioms: Weather-Related Traditional Chinese Version Infographic

Weather-Related Chinese Idioms Traditional Chinese Version Infographic

Other Chinese Idiom Infographics

We have other 4 fun infographics,

Chinese Idioms Chengyu: Food-Related

Chinese Idioms: Emotion-Related

Chinese idioms: 多 more and 少 less

Chinese Idioms: Related To Facial Features

 

Please follow and like us:
Posted in AP Exam, Infographics, Vocabulary

Chinese Idioms: Emotion-Related

Chinese idioms (chéngyǔ) infographics have been the most popular category in VividChinese.com. So here is another one filled with useful Chinese idioms: emotion-related Chinese Idioms infographic.

In this emotion-related Chinese Idioms infographic, there are five types of emotion, with three frequently-used idioms for each type, totaling 15 idioms. For each idiom, there is a Chinese character, pinyin, literally meaning, and actual meaning, along with an image as a memory aid. Teachers can use this infographic to teach and provide more practice for the students. 

Chinese Idioms: emotion-related

Joy and happy

满面春风 mǎn miàn chūn fēng

Literally: One’s face shines with a smile.

Meaning: 满面春风 is used to describe one’s face lit up with joy.

Example:

看 他 满面春风 的样子,可能 是 好事 近了!

看 他 滿面春風 的樣子,可能 是 好事 近了!

Kàn tā mǎnmiànchūnfēng de yàngzi, kěnéng shì hǎoshì jìnle!

手舞足蹈 shǒu wǔ zú dǎo

Literally: Gesticulating with hands and feet excitedly.

Meaning: 手舞足蹈 is used to describe one who hands dance and feet trip; dancing and gesticulating for joy. 

Example:

知道 自己 被 喜欢的 学校 录取了,他 高兴地 手舞足蹈!

知道 自己 被 喜歡的 學校 錄取了,他 高興地 手舞足蹈!

Zhīdào zìjǐ bèi xǐhuān de xuéxiào lùqǔle, tā gāoxìng de shǒuwǔzúdǎo!

 

眉飞色舞 méi fēi sè wǔ

Literally: Arching eyebrows and radiant face.

Meaning: 眉飞色舞 is used to describe one’s animated and joyful expression.

Example:

说到他赢得冠军的那场比赛,他顿时 眉飞色舞。

說到他贏得冠軍的那場比賽,他頓時 眉飛色舞。

Shuō dào tā yíngdé guànjūn dì nà chǎng bǐsài, tā dùnshí méifēisèwǔ.

 

Smile and laugh

破涕为笑 pò tì wéi xiào

Literally: Smile through tears.

Meaning: 破涕为笑 is used to describe one who turns tears into laughter.

Example:

找到了他最喜欢的玩具,他终于 破涕为笑。

找到了他最喜歡的玩具,他終於 破涕為笑。

Zhǎodàole tā zuì xǐhuān de wánjù, tā zhōngyú pòtì wéi xiào.

 

眉开眼笑 méi kāi yǎn xiào

Literally: His eyebrows raised and his eyes kindled with joy.

Meaning: 眉开眼笑 is used to describe one brow raised in delight, eyes laughing; beaming with joy / all smiles

Example:

刚 开幕的 新店,看到 源源不绝的 顾客,老板 高兴地 眉开眼笑。

剛 開幕的 新店,看到 源源不絕的 顧客,老闆 高興地 眉開眼笑。

Gāng kāimù de xīndiàn, kàn dào yuányuán bù jué de gùkè, lǎobǎn gāoxìng de méikāiyǎnxiào.

 

哄堂大笑 hōng táng dàxiào

Literally: Everyone in the room burst out in laughter.

Meaning: 哄堂大笑 is used to describe a setting where everyone present is laughing.

Example:

他 是 很有名的 脱口秀 主持人,他 常常 一 开口 说话,观众 就 哄堂大笑。

他 是 很有名的 脫口秀 主持人,他 常常 一 開口 說話,觀眾 就 哄堂大笑。

Tā shì hěn yǒumíng de tuōkǒu xiù zhǔchí rén, tā chángcháng yī kāikǒu shuōhuà, guānzhòng jiù hōngtáng dà xiào.

 

Fear and dread

大惊失色 dà jīng shī sè

Literally: To be frightened and turning pale.

Meaning: 大惊失色 is used to describe one who is so terrified their face turns pale.

Example:

他 接到 医院 打来的 电话,听到 他的爸爸 出车祸,他 大惊失色。

他 接到 醫院 打來的 電話,聽到 他的爸爸 出車禍,他 大惊失色。

Tā jiē dào yīyuàn dǎ lái de diànhuà, tīng dào tā de bàba chū chēhuò, tā dà jīng shīsè.

 

心有余悸  xīn yǒu yú jì

Literally: Be numb in a state of shock.

Meaning: 心有余悸 is used to describe one who is experiencing much fear.

Example:

虽然 已经 过了 两年了,但是 大家 谈到 那场 火灾 还是 心有余悸。

雖然 已經 過了 兩年了,但是 大家 談到 那場 火災 還是 心有餘悸。

Suīrán yǐjīngguòle liǎng niánle, dànshì dàjiā tán dào nà chǎng huǒzāi háishì xīnyǒuyújì.

 

胆颤心惊 dǎn zhàn xīn jīng

Literally: One’s heart beats with fear

Meaning: 胆颤心惊 is used to describe one who is nervous and fretful.

Example:

说到 疫情 蔓延 全世界 的 新冠状病毒,大家 都 胆颤心惊!

說到 疫情 蔓延 全世界 的 新冠狀病毒,大家 都膽顫心驚!

Shuō dào yìqíng mànyán quán shìjiè de xīn guānzhuàng bìngdú, dàjiā dōu dǎn zhàn xīn jīng!

Cry and weep

嚎啕大哭 háo táo dà kū

Literally: Break into dramatic lamentations. 

Meaning: 嚎啕大哭 is used to describe one who cries loudly.

Example:

一 听到 亲人 去世的 噩耗,他 当场 嚎啕大哭。

一 聽到 親人 去世的 噩耗,他 當場 嚎啕大哭。

Yī tīng dào qīnrén qùshì de èhào, tā dāngchǎng háotáo dà kū.

 

泪如雨下 lèi rú yǔ xià

Literally: One’s tears fall like rain.

Meaning: 泪如雨下 is used to describe one who is crying profusely, his tears cascading.

Example:

他 每回 想到 过世的 奶奶,都 不禁 泪如雨下。

他 每回 想到 過世的 奶奶,都 不禁 淚如雨下。

Tā měi huí xiǎngdào guòshì de nǎinai, dōu bùjīn lèi rú yǔ xià.

 

抱头痛哭 bào tóu tòng kū

Literally: Head tilted down into cupped hands, very upset and crying.

Meaning: 抱头痛哭 is used to describe who cries bitterly alone, or in another’s arms.

Example:

她 因为 一个 动作 失误,错失 奥运 奖牌,她 因此 而 抱头痛哭。

她 因為 一個 動作 失誤,錯失 奧運 獎牌,她 因此 而 抱頭痛哭。

Tā yīn wéi yīgè dòngzuò shīwù, cuòshī àoyùn jiǎngpái, tā yīncǐ ér bào tóu tòngkū.

 

Anger and rage

勃然大怒 bó rán dà nù

Literally: Suddenly one burst into anger.

Meaning: 勃然大怒 is used to describe one who is so angry, he hits the roof.

Example:

得知 儿子 在 学校 被 霸凌,他 勃然大怒。

得知 兒子 在 學校 被 霸凌,他 勃然大怒。

Dé zhī érzi zài xuéxiào bèi bà líng, tā bórán dà nù.

 

怒不可遏 nù bù kě’è

Literally: Angered beyond all control.

Meaning: 怒不可遏 is used to describe one who is so angry, he has lost control of himself.

看到 动物 被 虐待的 影片,我 怒不可遏。

看到 動物 被 虐待的 影片,我 怒不可遏。
Kàn dào dòngwù bèi nüèdài de yǐngpiàn, wǒ nùbùkě’è.

 

怒气冲天 nù qì chōng tiān

Literally: One’s wrath filled the sky.

Meaning: 怒气冲天 is used to describe whose anger is wrought up to a high pitch.

Example:

怒气冲天 的 民众 正在 总统府 前面 抗议。

怒氣沖天 的 民眾 正在 總統府 前面 抗議。
Nùqì chōngtiān de mínzhòng zhèngzài zǒngtǒng fǔ qiánmiàn kàngyì.

 

Emotion-Related Chinese Idioms Simplified Chinese Version Infographic

Emotion-Related Chinese Idioms Simplified Chinese Version Infographic

 

Emotion-Related Chinese Idioms Traditional Chinese Version Infographic

Emotion-Related Chinese Idioms Traditional Chinese Version Infographic

Other Chinese Idiom Infographics

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Chinese Idioms Chengyu: Food-Related

Chinese Idioms: Weather-Related

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Chinese Idioms: Related To Facial Features

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