In the volume 2 of the Integrated Chinese textbook, it introduces 50+ basic and intermediate grammar points. If you plan to take this language seriously, you can not skip those grammar points before you get closer to mastering this language.
Let’s learn a few grammar points from lesson 11 and 12.
The Adverb “又 yòu” Again
“又” means “again.” It is often used to indicate an action happened more than one time. Please note that both “再” and “又” are used to describe “again,” but they are NOT interchangeable. “再” is used when the second action will happen again in the future, while “又” means the repeat action already happened. You can see some examples below.
The Adverb “又 yòu” Again Infographic
会 huì Will Grammar Point
会 has a few different usages in Chinese. In this lesson, we are going to learn 会 as “will.” It indicates someone “will” do something or something “will” happen. Since it is talking about actions or the events in the future, its negative form is “不会.”
会 huì Will Grammar Point Infographic
L12 Grammar Points
Resultative Complements 1
In Chinese, the verb itself usually does not contain the meaning of a result. Let’s check a couple of examples here in English:
Both “look” and “see” indicate something about the vision. “Look” means you direct your vision in a particular direction. But “see” implies the result of being seen. It means to notice or become aware of someone or something by using your eyes.
It is similar to “listen” and “hear.” If you “hear,” it means you “listen successfully.” If you did not “hear,” it means you “did not listen successfully.”
So, in Chinese, we have some words that represent the result. We call them “resultative complements.” We place those words right after the verb.
We have 4 resultative complements infographics in the completed set
Resultative Complements 1 Infographic
刚 gāng vs. 刚才 gāngcái Grammar Point
Both “刚 gāng” and “刚才 gāngcái” can be translated to “just,” but the time frame they refer to can be different.
The time frame that “刚” refers to is depends on “the speaker’s expectation.” So that means it actually can mean just 1 second ago, or 5 minutes ago, or an hour ago, or a few days ago, or even one year ago. It depends on the speaker and the topic.
刚 gāng vs. 刚才 gāngcái Infographic
You also can find all Integrated Chinese grammar sets…