Dining-Related Chinese Measurement Words

 

Measurement words are unique in Chinese grammar. 

The structure looks like this,

Number + measure word + object

Chinese measurement words are much more than in English language. The most common one is “个 ge.In this infographic, we introduce 17 measurement words that are related to food and dining. Let’s see the list below.

 

List of Dining-Related Chinese Measurement Words

把  (bǎ): objects with handles

杯  (bēi): cups of…

串  (chuàn): items that come in bunches or clusters

份  (fèn): portions of…

个  (ge): general, catch-all measure word (usage of this classifier in conjunction with any noun is generally accepted if the person does not know the proper classifier)

根  (gēn): things that are thin and possibly flexible

壶  (hú): liquids in a pot or kettle

颗  (kē): small objects, usually with a round or semi-round shape

块  (kuài): things that come in hunks, chunks, or lumps

粒  (lì): really small objects, which are smaller than 颗 (kē) such as a grain of rice

盘  (pán): literally means “dish” and can be used for a plate of food

片  (piàn): things that are thin and may have an irregular shape

瓶  (píng): bottles of…

球  (qiú): scoops of…

双  (shuāng): items that normally come in pairs

碗  (wǎn): bowls of…

张  (zhāng): flat, rectangular objects

 

Now let’s see how we use those measurement words with objects.

Chinese measurement word infographic 1

 

桌子  zhāng zhuōzi one table

椅子 yì bǎ yǐzi one chair

套餐  fèn tàocān one combo meal

冰淇淋  qiú bīngqílín one scoop of ice cream

  fàn one grain of rice

  wǎn fàn one bowl of rice

筷子  shuāng kuàizi one pair of chopsticks

  pán ròu one plate of meat

  kuài ròu one piece of meat

 

 

 

Chinese measurement word infographic 2

色拉  wǎn sèlā one bowl of salad

鸡腿  gēn jītuǐ one chicken leg

三明治  ge sānmíngzhì one sandwich

汤匙  gēn tāngchí one spoon

叉子  chāzi one fork

餐巾纸  zhāng cānjīnzhǐ one napkin

 

 

 

 

Chinese measurement word infographic 3

葡萄  pútáo one grape

葡萄  chuàn pútáo a bunch of grapes

香蕉  liǎng gēn xiāngjiāo two bananas

西瓜  xīguā one watermelon

西瓜  piàn xīguā one slice of watermelon

红酒  píng hóngjiǔ one bottle of red wine

红酒  bēi hóngjiǔ one glass of red wine

  chá one pot of tea

热茶  bēi rè chá one cup of hot tea

 

Dining-Related Chinese Measurement Words Simplified Chinese Version

Dining-Related Chinese Measurement Words Simplified Chinese Version

 

 

Dining-Related Chinese Measurement Words Traditional Chinese Version

 

Other Common Chinese Measure Words:

本 běn: measure word for books, periodicals, files, etc.

Examples,

一 本 书 yī běn shū, one book

两 本 杂志 liǎng běn zázhì, two magazines

三 本 相册 sān běn xiàngcè, three picture albums 

  • 那里 有 一本 书。Nà li yǒuyī běn shū.

      There is one book over there.

  • 这里有三本相册,都是我小时候的照片。 Zhè li yǒusān běn xiàngcè, dōu shì wǒ xiǎoshíhòu de zhàopiàn.

There are three picture albums. All of the pictures were taken when I was little.

辆 liàng: measure word for vehicles.

Examples,

四 辆 汽车 sì liàng qìchē, four cars
五 辆 自行车 wǔ liàng zìxíngchē, five bicycles
六 辆 出租汽车 liù liàng chūzū qìchē, six taxis
  • 她有五辆自行车。Tā yǒu wǔ liàng zìxíngchē.
      She has five bicycles.
  • 车站外面有六辆出租汽车。 Chēzhàn wàimiàn yǒu liù liàng chūzū qìchē.
      There are six taxis outside the train station.

位 wèi: measure word for people (honorific)

Examples,

一 位 教授 yī wèi jiàoshòu, one professor 

两 位 音乐家 liǎng wèi yīnyuè jiā, two musicians 

三 位 校长 sān wèi xiàozhǎng, three headmasters

  • 他的爸爸是一位教授。Tā de bàba shì yī wèi jiàoshòu.

      His father is a professor.

  • 这两位是很有名的音乐家。Zhè liǎng wèi shì hěn yǒumíng de yīnyuè jiā.

      These two are very famous musicians.

家 jiā: measure word for families or businesses

Examples,

一 家 饭馆 yījiā fànguǎn, one restaurant

两 家 人 liǎng jiārén, two families

三 家 酒店 sānjiā jiǔdiàn, three hotels

  • 他们两家人一起出游。Tāmen liǎng jiārén yīqǐ chūyóu.

      These two families are going on a trip together.

  • 这条街上有三家酒店。Zhè tiáo jiē shàng yǒu sānjiā jiǔdiàn.

      There are three hotels on this street.

件 jiàn: measure word for events, things, clothes, etc

一 件 刑事案件 yī jiàn xíngshì ànjiàn, one criminal case

两件衣服 liǎng jiàn yīfú, two pieces of clothes

  • 这两件衣服都很好看,买吧!Zhè liǎng jiàn yīfú dōu hěn hǎokàn, mǎi ba!

      Both of the clothes are pretty. You should get both. 

 

 

次 cì: measure word for enumerated events: time

Examples,

  • 我 去过 上海 一次。Wǒ qùguò shànghǎi yīcì.

      I have been to Shanghai once.

 

  • 我 每天 需要 吃 三次 药。Wǒ měitiān xūyào chī sāncì yào.

      I need to tale medicine three times a day.

 

 

些 xiē: indicating a small amount or small number greater than 1

一些 花 yìxiē huā, some flowers

一些 钱 yìxiē qián, some money

一些 人 yìxiē rén, some people

  • 今年 花园 里 开了 一些 花。Jīnnián huāyuán lǐ kāile yīxiē huā.

      We got some flowers in our garden this year.

  • 如果你不够付,我这里还有一些钱。 Rúguǒ nǐ bùgòu fù, wǒ zhèlǐ hái yǒu yīxiē qián.

If you don’t have enough money to pay, I have some money.

 

For the word “些 xiē”, we always say “一些 yìxiē.” You can NOT say “两些 liǎng xiē or 三些 sān xiē” since 一些 yìxiē means “some.” 

 

 

Can-do checklist:

⃞      I can use measurement words correctly.

⃞      I can pronounce the measurement words.

⃞      I can understand the meanings of the measurement words.

⃞      I can write the measurement words in Chinese character/pinyin.

⃞      I can use the correct dining-related measurement word when I see a picture

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