Blog

Posted in AP Exam, Grammar, Infographics

Chinese Or Grammar, Haishi and Huozhe

还是 haishi and 或者 huozhe

 

“Or” in English and Chinese

Did you realize that “or” can be used both in questions and statements in English? But In Chinese, there are two different words for “or” – 还是 haishi and 或者 huozhe.

English examples,

Mom: Do you want water or milk? (Question)

Kid: Either water or milk is fine. Thank you. (Statement)

 

In Chinese, there are two different words for “or” –

one is for a question, 还是 háishì  and

one is for a statement 或 huò / 或者 huò zhě / 或是 huò shì.

This grammar is easy to learn, but it takes practice for it to become second nature to know which one to use.

 

Let’s see some examples.

还是 hái shì

Example 1

sugar      还是      no sugar   question mark

你的茶 要 加糖 还是 不加糖 ? Nǐ de chá yào jiātáng háishì bù jiātáng?

(Does your tea need sugar or not ?)

加糖 jiātáng adding sugar is option 1. 不加糖 bù jiātáng no adding sugar is option 2.

 

 

Example 2

lego pirate 1      还是       lego pirate 2   question mark

你 爱 还是 他 ? Nǐ ài wǒ háishì tā?

(Do you love me or him?)

 

Example 3

black high heel   还是      white high heel   question mark

她 喜欢 黑色的 鞋 还是 白色的 鞋 ? Tā xǐhuān hēisè de xié háishì báisè de xié?

(Does she like black shoes or white shoes?)

 

Example 4

hot pot   还是     dumplings   question mark

你们 晚饭 想吃 火锅 还是 饺子 ? Nǐmen wǎnfàn xiǎng chī huǒguō háishì jiǎozi?

(Do you guys want to have hot pot or dumplings for dinner?)

 

或者 huò zhě

Example 1

ice tea   或者    hot tea check mark

冰茶 或者 热茶 都可以,我都喜欢。谢谢! Bīng chá huòzhě rè chá dōu kěyǐ, wǒ dū xǐhuān. Xièxiè!

(Either iced tea or hot tea is fi ne. I like both. Thank you!)

 

Example 2

Toronto     或者    New York  

这个周末 我们 可以 去 纽约 或者 多伦多 玩。 Zhège zhōumò wǒmen kěyǐ qù niǔyuē huòzhě duōlúnduō wán.

(We can go to either New York or Toronto this weekend.)

 

 

Example 3

hot pot     或者     dumplings  

我们 晚饭 吃火锅 或者 饺子 都可以。 Wǒmen wǎnfàn chī huǒguō huòzhě jiǎozi dōu kěyǐ.

(Hot pot or dumplings both are fine for dinner.)

In this infographic, we talk about the difference between 还是 and 或者. For practice, we created case scenarios. After learning this grammar, students should be able to recognize which is the correct one in the different scenarios.

 

还是 haishi and 或者 huozhe Practice Scenarios

1. Your mom is too tired to cook dinner today. She gave you guys two options. First, go out to eat. The second one, order out. What would she say? And if you don’t have any preference, what would you say?

2. Your boss wants to send one person to a professional development conference. He has chosen you and Jack. He doesn’t care who is going between you two. What would he say?

3. You want to hang out with your friends on the weekend. You want to know which day works better for her. What would you say?

 

You can find the answers in the infographics below!

 

还是 haishi and 或者 huozhe Simplified Chinese Version Infographic

还是 haishi and 或者 huozhe Simplified Chinese Version Infographic

 

还是 haishi and 或者 huozhe Video

Video Credit to Carol from Growmommy.com

Voice over: Carol

还是 haishi and 或者 huozhe Traditional Chinese Version Infographic

还是 haishi and 或者 huozhe Traditional Chinese Version Infographic

 

Can-do checklist

Use the “can-do” list to check if you learned this grammar.

⃞    I can say “还是” and “或者” in Chinese.

⃞    I can tell when to use “还是”, and when to use “或者”.

⃞    I can tell if people are asking a question or saying a statement from the use of 还是 or 或者.

⃞    I can place both of them correctly in Chinese sentences.

Posted in AP Exam, Grammar, Infographics

Question Words in Chinese With Worksheets and Infographic

Question Words in Chinese

In English, when you compare a statement sentence with a question sentence, you find that they have a different sentence order. Quesiotn words in Chinese is much simpler! You just place a question word in place of what you want to ask about. There is no need to rearrange the sentence!

We list the seven most common question words. These are,

What 什么 shénme

 

A: 你 喜欢 吃 什么? Nǐ xǐhuān chī shénme?

(A: What do you like to eat?)

B: 我 喜欢 吃 牛肉。 Wǒ xǐhuān chī niúròu.

(B: I like to eat beef.)

 

 

A: 她 在 做什么? Tā zài zuò shénme?

(A: What is she doing?)

B: 她 在 做功课。 Tā zài zuò gōngkè.

(B: She is doing homework.)

Where 哪里 nǎlǐ/哪儿

A: 你 周末 要 去 哪里? Nǐ zhōumò yào qù nǎlǐ?

(A: Where are you going on the weekend?)

B: 我 周末 要 去 我奶奶家。

(B: I am going to my grandma’s house.)

 

 

A: 你 住在 哪里? Nǐ zhù zài nǎlǐ?

(A: Where do you live?)

B: 我 住在 纽约市。Wǒ zhù zài niǔyuē shì.

(B: I live in New York City.)

Why 为什么 wèishéme

A: 你 为什么 不喜欢 喝茶? Nǐ wèishéme bù xǐhuān hē chá?

(A: Why don’t you like to drink tea?)

B: 因为 我觉得 茶 很苦。 Yīnwèi wǒ juédé chá hěn kǔ.

(B: Because I think tea is bitter.)

 

 

A: 为什么 她 不在家? Wèishéme tā bù zàijiā?

(A: Why is she not home?)

B: 因为 她 去 朋友家 吃饭 了。 Yīnwèi tā qù péngyǒu jiā chīfànle.

(B: Because she went to her friend’s house to have a meal.)

When 什么时候 shénme shíhòu

A: 你 什么时候 要 去 中国? Nǐ shénme shíhòu yào qù zhōngguó?

(A: When are you going to China?)

B: 我 下个月 要 去。 Wǒ xià gè yuè yào qù.

(B: I am going next month.)

 

 

A: 她 什么时候 结婚? Tā shénme shíhòu jiéhūn?

(A: When is she getting married?)

B: 她 这个周末 结婚。 Tā zhège zhōumò jiéhūn.

(B: She is getting married this weekend.)

Which 哪 nǎ + measure word

A: 我们 去 哪个 餐馆? Wǒmen qù nǎge cānguǎn?

(A: Which restaurant are we going?)

B: 我们 去 我朋友 开的 餐馆。 Wǒmen qù wǒ péngyǒu kāi de cānguǎn.

(B: We are going to the restaurant that my friend opened.)

 

 

A: 你 想 喝 哪种 茶? Nǐ xiǎng hē nǎ zhǒng chá?

(A: What kind of tea do you want to drink?)

B: 我 想 喝 红茶。 Wǒ xiǎng hē hóngchá.

(B: I want to have black tea.)

How 怎么 zěnme

A: 你 明天 怎么 去 学校? Nǐ míngtiān zěnme qù xuéxiào?

(A: How to you go to school tomorrow?)

B: 我 坐 校车 去。 Wǒ zuò xiàochē qù.

(B: I will take the school bus.)

 

 

A: 你 怎么 认识 他 的? Nǐ zěnme rènshì tā de?

(A: How do you know him?)

B: 我 在 网上 聊天 认识 的。 Wǒ zài wǎngshàng liáotiān rènshì de.

(B: I met him online.)

Who 谁 shéi

A: 她 是 谁? Tā shì shéi?

(A: Who is she?)

B: 她 是 我前女友。 Tā shì wǒ qián nǚyǒu.

(B: She is my ex-girlfriend.)

 

 

A: 谁 会 买 晚饭? Shéi huì mǎi wǎnfàn?

(A: Who will buy the dinner?)

B: 妈妈 会 买 晚饭。 Māmā huì mǎi wǎnfàn.

(B: Mom will buy the dinner.)

 

 

Question Words in Chinese Simplified Chinese Version Infographic

Question Words in Chinese Simplified Chinese Version

 

 

 

Question Words in Chinese Traditional Chinese Version Infographic

Question Words in Chinese Traditional Chinese Version Infographic

Question Words in Chinese Worksheets

 

If you would like to preactice those characters, download Question words worksheets here .

question words worksheet

Can-do checklist

Use the “can-do” list to check if you learned this grammar.

⃞    I can tell the structural difference between English and Chinese question sentences.

⃞    I can say “what, where, why, when, which, how and who” in Chinese.

⃞    I can recognize the Chinese characters for “what, where, why, when, which, how and who.”

⃞    I can write “what, where, why, when, which, how and who” in Chinese pinyin/Chinese characters.

⃞    I can recognize “what, where, why, when, which, how and who” when people speak in Chinese.

⃞    I can ask questions with “what, where, why, when, which, how and who” in Chinese.