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All About Weather Vocabulary

All About Weather Vocabulary

春天 spring chūntiān

太阳  sun tàiyáng

晴天  sunny day qíngtiān

天气预报  weather forecast tiānqì yùbào

 

夏天 summer xiàtiān

冷气  air conditioner lěngqì

打雷  thunder dǎléi

打雷  thunder dǎléi

下雨  raining xià yǔ

潮湿  humid cháoshī

  hot rè

 

秋天 autumn qiūtiān

公园 park gōngyuán

云 cloud yún

凉快 pleasantly cool liángkuai

舒服 comfortable shūfú

阴天  cloudy day yīn tiān

  wind fēng

 

冬天 winter dōngtiān

暖气  heater nuǎnqì

暖和  warm nuǎnhuo

下雪  snowing xià xuě

  cold lěng

滑雪  ski huáxuě

  snow xuě

滑冰  ice skating huábīng

Simplified Chinese Version

 

Traditional Chinese Version

Posted in AP Exam, Grammar, Infographics

Chinese Sentence Structure

Chinese Sentence Structure

Basic Chinese Sentence Structure

The “most” basic Chinese sentence structure is similar to the structure in English.

Basic Chinese sentence structure: Subject (S) + Verb (V) + Object (O).

Example: He plays ball.

He, 他 tā (This is the subject.)

Play, 打 dǎ, 玩 wán (This is the verb.)

Ball, 球 qiú (This is the object.)

The word “play” in Chinese can be translated to 打 dǎ or 玩 wán. When speaking “playing ball,” we use “打 dǎ,” which literally means “to hit.”

So the correct order will be,

他 (S) + 打 (V) + 球(O)。 Tā dǎ qiú.

 

But when adding time, location and time duration, where would they go? 

“Time” in Chinese sentence structure

  1. Let’s add “time when”:

Subject + Time when + Verb + Object

or

Time when + Subject +  Verb + Object

Example,

He plays ball at 4 this afternoon.

4 o’clock this afternoon is the “time.” It can be placed either right before or right after the subject.

In Chinese, the “time when” is from big to small. E.g., in Chinese, we say today PM 7 o’clock instead of 7 PM today.

To apply the sentence structure Subject + Time when + Verb + Object,

the order will be,

He + today afternoon 4 o’clock + plays + ball.

他      今天 下午 四点                        打          球。

Tā      jīntiān xiàwǔ sì diǎn             dǎ         qiú.

 

“Time when” is referring to a specific point in time. Note the difference between “time when” and “time duration.”

Place “time when” either right before or right after the subject.

 

“Location” in Chinese sentence structure

If you also like to add “location,” you should place it after the subject and time. The structure will look like this, 

Subject + Time when + Location + Verb + Object

If the location contains a smaller area in a location, same idea as time, bigger location first and then smaller.

For instants, the playground in the park.

A park is a bigger place than a playground. So the order in Chinese will be “In the park, the playground.”

 

Example,

He plays ball at the gym in the school at 4 this afternoon.

The correct order in Chinese will be,

He + today afternoon 4 o’clock + in the school at the gym +   play + ball.

他     今天下午四点                          在学校 运动场                         打        球。

Tā     jīntiān xiàwǔ sì diǎn              zài xuéxiào yùndòngchǎng  dǎ       qiú.

“Time Duration” in Chinese sentence structure

When you would like to express an action has been continued for a period of time, you need time duration in the sentence. The structure will look like this,

Subject + Time when + Location + Verb + Object  + Verb + Time duration

We place the time duration at the end of the sentence.

 

Example,

He played ball for three hours at the gym in the school this afternoon.

So the correct order in Chinese will be,

He + today afternoon + in the school at the gym + played + ball + for three hours

他     今天下午                  在学校运动场                       *打球打了            三个小时。

Tā     jīntiān xiàwǔ          zài xuéxiào yùndòngchǎng   dǎqiú dǎle          sān gè xiǎoshí.

*In Chinese, the verb usually repeats before the time duration. 

 

We also include two practice questions at the end of the infographic below. The answers are upsidedown.

Chinese Sentence Structure Simplified Chinese Version Infographic

Chinese Sentence Sturcture Simplified Chinese Version Infographic

 

Chinese Sentence Structure Video

Video Credit: Carol from Growmommy.com

 

Chinese Sentence Sturcture Traditional Chinese Version

Chinese Sentence Sturcture Traditional Chinese Version

 

Can-do checklist

⃞    I can understand the basic Chinese sentence structure and put the parts in the correct order.

⃞    I can recognize when people use “time when”, “location” and/or “time duration” in a Chinese conversation.

⃞    I can place “time when” correctly within a sentence.

⃞    I can place “location” correctly within a sentence.

⃞    I can place “time duration” correctly within a sentence.

⃞    I can correctly place all three of them (time when, location and time duration) within a sentence.

 

Posted in AP Exam, Grammar, Infographics

没 Mei and 不 Bu

Mei and Bu

After studying Chinese for a little while, you might notice that we have both “没 mei” and “不 bu” for negating the meanings. On the basic level, they both mean “no,” but they usually are not interchangeable. In this infographic, you will learn when to use the appropriate word, either  “不 bù” or “没 méi.” 

 

When to Use 不 bù

Negating The Action in The Present or Future

Examples,

Negating The Action in The Present or Future

我 明天 不 去 学校。Wǒ míngtiān bù qù xuéxiào. (Future action)

(I am not going to school tomorrow.)

他 现在 不 想 吃东西。Tā xiànzài bùxiǎng chī dōngxī. (Present action)

(He doesn’t want to eat now.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Negating Habitual Actions

Examples,

Negating Habitual Actions

 

我 不喜欢 喝 咖啡。Wǒ bù xǐhuān hē kāfēi.

(I don’t like drinking coffee.)

你 平常 不 看电视 吗?

(Don’t you usually watch TV?)

 

 

 

 

 

Negating An Adjective

Examples,

今年 夏天 不 热。 Jīnnián xiàtiān bù rè.

(热 rè, hot is the adjective.)

(This summer is not hot.)

我 觉得 这个 杯子 不 好看。 Wǒ juédé zhège bēizi bù hǎokàn.

(I think this cup is not pretty.)

(好看 hǎokàn, pretty / beatifule is the adjective.)

 

 

 

 

For Asking Questions

Examples,

For Asking Questions

 

她 是不是 你的女朋友? Tā shì búshì nǐ de nǚ péngyǒu?

(Is she your girlfriend?)

你 想不想 去 看电影? Nǐ xiǎng bùxiǎng qù kàn diànyǐng?

(Do you want to go watch  a movie?)

 

 

 

 

Almost exclusively with certain verbs: 是、在、知道、认识

Examples,

Almost exclusively with certain verbs: 是、在、知道、认识

 

你 以前 不是 一个 老师 吗?Nǐ yǐqián bùshì yīgè lǎoshī ma?

(Weren’t you a teacher before?)

 

我 上个星期 不在 上海,我 去了 西安。Wǒ shàng gè xīngqí bùzài shànghǎi, wǒ qùle xī’ān.

(I was not in Shanghai last week. I went to Xi’an.)

 

 

 

 

 

When to Use 沒 méi

And in the following situations you should use “沒”,

Negating Past Actions

Examples,

Negating Past Actions mei in Chinese

我 昨天 晚上 没 睡觉,现在 好累。Wǒ zuótiān wǎnshàng méi shuìjiào, xiànzài hǎo lèi. (Past action)

(I didn’t sleep last night. I am so tired now.)

老师:你 没做 你的 功课 吗? Lǎoshī: Nǐ méi zuò nǐ de gōngkè ma? (Past action)

(Teacher: didn’t you do your homework?)

 

 

 

Only 没 negates 有 since “有” mean “have”, “没有/没” means “do not have”

 

mei for mei you

Examples,

我没钱买这台电脑。 Wǒ méi qián mǎi zhè tái diànnǎo.

(I don’t have money to buy this computer.)

他没有弟弟,只有一个哥哥。 
Tā méiyǒu dìdì, zhǐyǒu yīgè gēgē.

(He doesn’t have any younger brothers, only one older brother.)

 

 

 

 

 

For Making Comparisons

mei for making comparisons

Examples,

今年夏天没有去年夏天热。 Jīnnián xiàtiān méiyǒu qùnián xiàtiān rè.

(The summer this year is not as hot as last year.)

我觉得咖啡没有茶好喝。 Wǒ juédé kāfēi méiyǒu chá hǎo hē.

(I think coffee is not as good as tea.)

 

 

 

 

 

没 Mei and 不 Bu Practice

We also have some practice questions for you.

Check out the questions below and find the answer in the infographic below!

1. I did not do my homework.

2. My father does not like hot weather. 

3. She will not go to the music concert tomorrow.

4. Didn’t you know him before?

5. He doesn’t have money.

 

 

没 Mei and 不 Bu Simplified Chinese Version Infographic

In the infographic, we explain that in the following situations you should use “不”,

没 Mei and 不 Bu Simplified Chinese Version Infographic

 

没 Mei and 不 Bu Grammar Video


Video Credit to Carol from Growmommy.com

Voice Over: Carol

没 Mei and 不 Bu Traditional Chinese Version Infographic

没 Mei and 不 Bu Traditional Chinese Version Infographic

 

 

Can-do checklist

Use the “can-do” list to check if you learned this grammar.

⃞    I can recognize “没 mei” and “不 bu” when people use them in a Chinese conversation.

⃞    I can use “没 mei” and “不 bu” correctly in a Chinese conversation.

⃞    I can write “没 mei” and “不 bu” in pinyin/Chinese characters.

⃞    I can place “没 mei” and “不 bu” correctly in Chinese sentences.

Posted in AP Exam, Grammar, Infographics

Chinese Or Grammar, Haishi and Huozhe

还是 haishi and 或者 huozhe

 

“Or” in English and Chinese

Did you realize that “or” can be used both in questions and statements in English? But In Chinese, there are two different words for “or” – 还是 haishi and 或者 huozhe.

English examples,

Mom: Do you want water or milk? (Question)

Kid: Either water or milk is fine. Thank you. (Statement)

 

In Chinese, there are two different words for “or” –

one is for a question, 还是 háishì  and

one is for a statement 或 huò / 或者 huò zhě / 或是 huò shì.

This grammar is easy to learn, but it takes practice for it to become second nature to know which one to use.

 

Let’s see some examples.

还是 hái shì

Example 1

sugar      还是      no sugar   question mark

你的茶 要 加糖 还是 不加糖 ? Nǐ de chá yào jiātáng háishì bù jiātáng?

(Does your tea need sugar or not ?)

加糖 jiātáng adding sugar is option 1. 不加糖 bù jiātáng no adding sugar is option 2.

 

 

Example 2

lego pirate 1      还是       lego pirate 2   question mark

你 爱 还是 他 ? Nǐ ài wǒ háishì tā?

(Do you love me or him?)

 

Example 3

black high heel   还是      white high heel   question mark

她 喜欢 黑色的 鞋 还是 白色的 鞋 ? Tā xǐhuān hēisè de xié háishì báisè de xié?

(Does she like black shoes or white shoes?)

 

Example 4

hot pot   还是     dumplings   question mark

你们 晚饭 想吃 火锅 还是 饺子 ? Nǐmen wǎnfàn xiǎng chī huǒguō háishì jiǎozi?

(Do you guys want to have hot pot or dumplings for dinner?)

 

或者 huò zhě

Example 1

ice tea   或者    hot tea check mark

冰茶 或者 热茶 都可以,我都喜欢。谢谢! Bīng chá huòzhě rè chá dōu kěyǐ, wǒ dū xǐhuān. Xièxiè!

(Either iced tea or hot tea is fi ne. I like both. Thank you!)

 

Example 2

Toronto     或者    New York  

这个周末 我们 可以 去 纽约 或者 多伦多 玩。 Zhège zhōumò wǒmen kěyǐ qù niǔyuē huòzhě duōlúnduō wán.

(We can go to either New York or Toronto this weekend.)

 

 

Example 3

hot pot     或者     dumplings  

我们 晚饭 吃火锅 或者 饺子 都可以。 Wǒmen wǎnfàn chī huǒguō huòzhě jiǎozi dōu kěyǐ.

(Hot pot or dumplings both are fine for dinner.)

In this infographic, we talk about the difference between 还是 and 或者. For practice, we created case scenarios. After learning this grammar, students should be able to recognize which is the correct one in the different scenarios.

 

还是 haishi and 或者 huozhe Practice Scenarios

1. Your mom is too tired to cook dinner today. She gave you guys two options. First, go out to eat. The second one, order out. What would she say? And if you don’t have any preference, what would you say?

2. Your boss wants to send one person to a professional development conference. He has chosen you and Jack. He doesn’t care who is going between you two. What would he say?

3. You want to hang out with your friends on the weekend. You want to know which day works better for her. What would you say?

 

You can find the answers in the infographics below!

 

还是 haishi and 或者 huozhe Simplified Chinese Version Infographic

还是 haishi and 或者 huozhe Simplified Chinese Version Infographic

 

还是 haishi and 或者 huozhe Video

Video Credit to Carol from Growmommy.com

Voice over: Carol

还是 haishi and 或者 huozhe Traditional Chinese Version Infographic

还是 haishi and 或者 huozhe Traditional Chinese Version Infographic

 

Can-do checklist

Use the “can-do” list to check if you learned this grammar.

⃞    I can say “还是” and “或者” in Chinese.

⃞    I can tell when to use “还是”, and when to use “或者”.

⃞    I can tell if people are asking a question or saying a statement from the use of 还是 or 或者.

⃞    I can place both of them correctly in Chinese sentences.