One common way to form a “yes or no” question sentence in Chinese is to use a verb (or adjective) plus its negative form. It is similar to when we say “Do you like this or not?” in English.
There are 5 different A-not-A Question forms,
Verb + 不 + Verb
One of the most common A-not-A question forms. Simply repeat the ONE word verb twice and place a “不” in between.
2. Subj. + Verb + 不 + Verb + Obj.
If you would like to form a complete sentence, add the subject in the beginning and the object after A-not-A part.
3. Adj. + 不 + Adj.
Another common form. Simply repeat the ONE word adjective twice and place a “不” in between.
4. Two-Character Verbs and Adjectives
Sometimes the verb or the adjective you would like to use is “two characters,”
like 喜欢, 漂亮. In this case, we usually put “不” after just the first character
and then put the two characters after that.
There is nothing wrong with putting the whole verb/adjective first and then repeat after 不.
(喜欢不喜欢 vs. 喜不喜欢) It is more common to use the abbreviated way.
5. Special case “有” with “没”
The word “有” is always negated with “没” (not “不”). So when you form a question sentence with “有”, use “有没有.”
Simplified Chinese Version